Combined Treatment of Alendronate and Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) Increases Bone Mineral Density at the Cancellous Bone Osteotomy Site in Aged Rats: A Preliminary Study.
Introduction: During fracture healing, alendronate encourages callus volume by inhibiting bone resorption, whereas low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) enhances bone regeneration by promoting an anabolic response.
Methods: In the present study, 9-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats, with a unilateral proximal tibial osteotomy, were treated with alendronate (daily, 1 g/kg) plus sham-LIPUS (n = 14), saline plus LIPUS (20 min/day) (n = 18), alendronate plus LIPUS (n = 16), or saline plus sham- LIPUS as a control (n = 13) for 4 weeks. The rats were then examined for changes in bone mineral density (BMD) during metaphyseal bone repair.
Results: The combined therapy signi cantly increased BMD at the osteotomy site at 4 weeks (p < 0.001) compared with the control, without affecting the contralateral, non-osteotomized tibia. Both alendronate and LIPUS alone also exerted a positive, albeit less, effect on BMD in the affected limb (p < 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively).
Conclusions: Alendronate and LIPUS cooperate to enhance BMD during metaphyseal bone healing.
Keywords: LIPUS, bisphosphonate, bone mineral density.
JNMA allow to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author(s) are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The JNMA work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. More about Copyright Policy.