Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption and Knowledge About Alcohol at Bhimtar, Sindhupalchowk

  • Naresh Manandhar Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Marina Vaidya Shrestha Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sunil Kumar Joshi Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Current drinker, Economic burden, Ever drinker Family conflict, and Initiation.

Abstract

Introduction: Alcohol causes several health problems, economic and social consequences across the

world. Nepal is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country with an ambivalent regarding alcohol use

according to social, religious and cultural values. Alcohol use is very common and easily available

everywhere in Nepal. Objective of study is to find the prevalence of alcohol consumption and

knowledge of alcohol among people at Bhimtar.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on a total of 369 households, age above 20 years

of Bhimtar, Sindhupalchowk district on November 2016. 41 households were selected using cluster

sampling from all nine wards of Bhimtar village development committee.

Results: The prevalence of alcohol consumption was 232 (62.9%) in which 144 (77.4%) of males and

88 (48.1%) of females. There was 3.3 times more chance of consuming alcohol in male than female.

Majority 137 (37%) consumed Raksi followed by Jaand/Chhyang 115 (31.3% ) and mix 97 (26.4%).

On knowledge of alcohol consumption, 280 (75.9 %) and 288 (78.0%) of current drinker opined that

it would effects own health and on the family respectively. After drinking alcohol 118 (31.9%) felt it

relieved tiredness followed by felt better 103 (28%) and reduced stress 70 (18.9%). It affects heart and

damage liver said by 72 (19.4%) and 59 (16%) respectively. There were family conflict after drinking

alcohol replied by 132 (35.8%). They have good knowledge about the affect of alcohol on pregnant

women. Only 50 (13.5%) of respondent expressed that it can be given to pregnant women.

Conclusions: The prevalence of alcohol consumption was very high. There is markedly differed

in alcohol consumption by sex. It is affecting their health and family. Consumption of alcohol is

financial burden and makes conflict in the family, which will also make psychological affect on their

children. There is significant difference in knowledge of harm on alcohol consumption by education

status. It is essential to plan and develop a specific health education program among these at-risk

populations for prevention of alcohol consumption.

Keywords: current drinker; economic burden; ever drinker; family conflict; initiation.

Published
2017-09-30
Section
Original Article