Limited Open Reduction and Percutaneous Plate Osteosynthesis - Alternative Option to Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis in Management of Distal Tibia Fractures
Introduction: The management of distal tibia fracture is challenging because of the limited soft tissue coverage and poor vascularity around the bone in that area. Minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis is a novel technique in this regard but needs fluoroscopy. In unavailability of fluoroscopy or its technical malfunction, limited open reduction percutaneous plate osteosynthesis becomes useful. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of distal tibia fractures treated by LORPPO and MIPPO techniques in terms of duration of hospital stay, full weight bearing, union time and complications.
Methods: Twenty-two cases of closed distal tibia fractures without articular involvement or comminution operated at Koshi Zonal Hospital, Nepal from March 2014 to May 2016 were included in this study. Total 11cases of which were treated by MIPPO whereas other 11 cases were treated by LORPPO. MIPPO technique was done only when the fluoroscopy was available.
Results: In MIPPO, the average age of the patients were 43.72 (range 23-65) years, hospital stay mean duration 8.45 (range 6-12) days, full weight-bearing walking was started in 11.27 (range 9-15) weeks and average radiological union time was 21.25 (range 18-28) weeks. In LORPPO, the mean age was 46.36 (range 25-70)years, hospital stay mean 11.81 (range 10-15) days, full weight bearing walking mean 10.63 (range 9-15) weeks and average radiological union time was 23.0 (range 19-27) weeks.
Conclusions: The outcomes are comparatively similar for both the techniques. LORPPO could be an alternative to MIPPO in the management of distal tibia fractures.
Keywords: distal tibia fracture; limited open reduction; percutaneous plate osteosynthesis.
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