Prevalence of Teenage Pregnancy in A Community Hospital of Rural Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Study
Introduction: Teenage pregnancy is a public health concern. Maternal and neonatal health outcomes
are negatively impacted in teenage pregnancy. The objective of the study is to find the prevalence of
teenage pregnancy in a community hospital of rural Nepal.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Okhaldhunga Community Hospital,
Okhaldhunga, Nepal. Ethical approval was taken from the Institutional Review Committee of the
hospital. Data were retrieved from July 2007 to July 2017 from the hospital record books. The total of
7054 records of deliveries were reviewed from the hospital records and whole sampling was done.
Subgroup analysis was done on basis of age, ethnicity, gravida, para, period of gestation, mode of
delivery, maternal or neonatal complications and birth weight. Datas were entered and analyzed
using Microsoft Excel.
Results: The total of 7054 deliveries were conducted in ten years among which 2050 (29.06%) were
teenage deliveries at the confidence interval of 95% (28.52% - 29.06%). The highest percentage of
teenage delivery was found among Janajati ethnicity of 1056 (53.3%). Amongst teenage delivery, a
significant tear was found in 157 (7.9%) as a maternal complication. Perinatal deaths were found in
Conclusions: The trend of teenage pregnancy remains almost same over ten years in the
Okhaldhunga Community Hospital. The overall prevalence of teenage delivery is higher than the
national figure. Low birth weight babies, premature delivery, perineal and cervical tears were the
common complications. Further health education and awareness programs might help to reduce the
teenage pregnancy rate.
Copyright (c) 2019 Muna Maharjan, Niresh Thapa, Narayani Maharjan, Pabita Rai, Prakash Pun, Marcia A Petrini, Jiong Yang
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