Congenital Microphthalmia with Orbital Cyst: A Case Series
Microphthalmos results from incomplete invagination of the optic vesicle or closure of the
embryonic fissure. We present three patients with unilateral congenital microphthalmia with
cyst. None of them had vision in the affected eye since birth, with gradually increasing
mass encroaching towards lower fornix and lower eyelid ectropion. On examination and
investigations, patients had large orbital cyst with microphthalmia pushing the eyeball superiorly
and posteriorly in affected orbit. Microphthalmic globe with cyst was surgically excised and
histopathologically studied. Orbital cavity was big enough to occupy the conformer and the
prosthetic eye after 6 weeks. Diagnosis was confirmed by large communicating orbital cyst with
microphthalmia without systemic association in all the patients. None of the mothers of patients
had (antenatal care) ANC check up. All the parents had consanguineous marriage. ANC check
up with ultrasound at 14-16 weeks of pregnancy is important for genetic counselling.
Copyright (c) 2019 Diwa Hamal, Prerna Arjyal Kafle, Hony KC, Rohit Saiju, Dr, Prija Poudyal, Dr, Santosh kafle, Dr
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
JNMA allow to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author(s) are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The JNMA work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. More about Copyright Policy.