Prevalence of Depression among Medical Students of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

  • Nikhil Shrestha Oxford University Clinical Research Unit-Nepal, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Neharika Shrestha Oxford University Clinical Research Unit-Nepal, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Smriti Khanal Tokha Chandeshwori Primary Health Center, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sujata Dahal Jibjibe Rural Hospital, Rasuwa, Nepal
  • Roshan Lama Deurali Primary Health Center, Nuwakot, Nepal
  • Prashant Simkhada Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sudarshan Narsingh Pradhan Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Nepal
Keywords: depression; medical students; prevalence.

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is one of the major problems encountered by medical students. This may
cause a negative effect on cognitive functioning and learning of students resulting in poor health
care and service delivery in future. The presence of this major problem is necessary to be evaluated.
Enough recent data regarding its prevalence is not available in our country. Thus, the main aim of
this study is to find the prevalence of depression among medical students of a tertiary care teaching
hospital.


Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study which was conducted among undergraduate
medical students of a tertiary teaching hospital over a four-month period (July to October 2019).
Ethical clearance was received from the Institutional Review Committee of the same tertiary teaching
hospital. Random sampling technique was used to collect data to meet the calculated sample size.
Data analysis was done in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Point estimate at 95% Confidence
Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data.


Results: The prevalence of depression among selected medical students of Kathmandu Medical
College and Teaching Hospital is 59 (27.2%) at 95% Confidence Interval (21.28-33.12%). Thirty (14%)
of the participants were mildly depressed, 21 (10%) moderately depressed while 8 (4%) were severely
depressed according to Beck’s Depression Index II.


Conclusions: Prevalence of depression among medical students is relatively significant as found
in similar studies done in other centres. Thus appropriate programs and strategies should be
implemented to avoid depression from causing a negative effect on cognitive functioning and
learning of students. Favourable environment where students are able to talk about their mental
health issues is a must.

Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Shrestha, N., Shrestha, N., Khanal, S., Dahal, S., Lama, R., Simkhada, P., & Pradhan, S. N. (2019). Prevalence of Depression among Medical Students of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital . Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 57(220). https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4738
Section
Original Article

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